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Arduino BT

The Arduino BT is a microcontroller board originally was based on the ATmega168, but now is supplied with the 328 datasheet and the Bluegiga WT11 bluetooth module details and datasheet [pdf]). It supports wireless serial communication over bluetooth (but is not compatible with Bluetooth headsets or other audio devices). It has 14 digital input/output pins (of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs and one can be used to reset the WT11 module), 6 analog inputs, a 16 MHz crystal oscillator, screw terminals for power, an ICSP header, and a reset button. It contains everything needed to support the microcontroller and can be programmed wirelessly over the Bluetooth connection. Instructions are available for getting started with the Arduino BT.

Arduino BT
 Arduino BT  

Microcontroller

ATmega328

Operating Voltage

5V

Input Voltage

2.5-12 V

Digital I/O Pins

14 (of which 6 provide PWM output)

Analog Input Pins

6

DC Current per I/O Pin

40 mA

DC Current for 3.3V Pin

500 mA (with a 1.5A capable power source)

DC Current for 5V Pin

1000 mA (with a 1.5A capable power source)

Flash Memory

32 KB (of which 2 KB used by bootloader)

SRAM

2 KB

EEPROM

1 KB

Clock Speed

16 MHz

BT Module

2.1 WT11i-A-AI4

Schematic & Reference Design

Reference Design: Eagle_File_Arduino_BT.zip
Schematic: Arduino_BT.pdf

 

Power

The Arduino BT can be powered via the V+ and GND screw terminals. The board contains a DC-DC convector that allows it to be powered with as little as 2.5V, a maximum of 12V. Higher voltages or reversed polarity in the power supply can damage or destroy the board. The protection for reverse polarity connection is ONLY on the screw terminal.

The power pins are as follows:

  • +VIN. The input voltage to the Arduino board (i.e. the same as the V+ screw terminal). You can supply voltage through this pin, or, if supplying voltage via the screw terminals, access it through this pin. Warning: The protection for reverse polarity connection is ONLY on the screw terminal, do not attach negative voltages to this pin. It will damage the board.
  • 5V. This pin outputs a regulated 5V from the regulator on the board. The board can be supplied with power either from the screw terminal (2.5V - 12V) or the VIN pin of the board (2.5V-12V). Supplying voltage via the 5V or 3.3V pins bypasses the regulator, and can damage your board. We don't advise it.
  • GND. Ground pins.

Memory

The ATmega328 has 32 KB of flash memory for storing code (of which 2 KB is used for the bootloader). It has 1 KB of SRAM and 512 bytes of EEPROM (which can be read and written with the EEPROM library).

 

Input and Output

Each of the 14 digital pins on the BT can be used as an input or output, using pinMode(), digitalWrite(), and digitalRead()They operate at 5 volts. Each pin can provide or receive a maximum of 40 mA and has an internal pull-up resistor (disconnected by default) of 20-50 kOhms. In addition, some pins have specialized functions:

  • Serial: 0 (RX) and 1 (TX). Used to receive (RX) and transmit (TX) TTL serial data. These pins are connected to the corresponding pins of the Bluegiga WT11 module.
  • External Interrupts: 2 and 3. These pins can be configured to trigger an interrupt on a low value, a rising or falling edge, or a change in value. See the attachInterrupt() function for details.
  • PWM: 3, 5, 6, 9, 10, and 11. Provide 8-bit PWM output with the analogWrite() function.
  • SPI: 10 (SS), 11 (MOSI), 12 (MISO), 13 (SCK). These pins support SPI communication, which, although provided by the underlying hardware, is not currently included in the Arduino language.
  • BT Reset: 7. Connected to the reset line of the Bluegiga WT11 module, which is active high.
  • LED: 13. There is a built-in LED connected to digital pin 13. When the pin is HIGH value, the LED is on, when the pin is LOW, it's off.

The BT has 6 analog inputs, each of which provide 10 bits of resolution (i.e. 1024 different values). By default they measure from ground to 5 volts, though is it possible to change the upper end of their range using the AREF pin and some low-level code. Additionally, some pins have specialized functionality:

  • I2C: 4 (SDA) and 5 (SCL). Support I2C (TWI) communication using the Wire library (documentation on the Wiring website).

There are a couple of other pins on the board:

  • AREF. Reference voltage for the analog inputs. Used with analogReference().

See also the mapping between Arduino pins and ATmega168/328 ports.

Bluetooth Communication

The Bluegiga WT11 module on the Arduino BT provides Bluetooth communication with computers, phones, and other Bluetooth devices. The WT11 communicates with the ATmega328 via serial (shared with the RX and TX pins on the board). It comes configured for 115200 baud communication. The module should be configurable and detectable by your operating system's bluetooth drivers, which should then provide a virtual com port for use by other applications. The Arduino software includes a serial monitor which allows simple textual data to be sent to and from the Arduino board over this bluetooth connection. The board can also be reprogrammed using this same wireless connection.

The WT11 is specially configured for use in the Arduino BT. Its name is set to ARDUINOBT and passcode to 12345. For details, see the complete initialization sketch.

Communication

The Arduino BT has a number of other facilities for communicating. The ATmega328's UART TTL (5V) serial communication is available on digital pins 0 (RX) and 1 (TX) as well as being connected to the WT11 module.

A SoftwareSerial library allows for serial communication on any of the BT's digital pins.

The ATmega328 also supports I2C (TWI) and SPI communication. The Arduino software includes a Wire library to simplify use of the I2C bus; see the documentation on the Wiring website for details. To use the SPI communication, please see the ATmega328 datasheet.

Programming

The Arduino BT can be programmed with the Arduino software (For details, see the reference and tutorials.

The ATmega328 on the Arduino BT comes preburned with a bootloader that allows you to upload new code to it without the use of an external hardware programmer. It communicates using the original STK500 protocol (reference, C header files).

You can also bypass the bootloader and program the ATmega328 through the ICSP (In-Circuit Serial Programming) header; see these instructions for details.

Physical Characteristics

The maximum length and width of the BT are approximately 3.2 and 2.1 inches respectively. Three screw holes allow the board to be attached to a surface or case. Note that the distance between digital pins 7 and 8 is 160 mil (0.16"), not an even multiple of the 100 mil spacing of the other pins.

Основные версии плат Arduino представлены следующими моделями:

Due — плата на базе 32-битного ARM микропроцессора Cortex-M3 ARM SAM3U4E;

Leonardo — плата на микроконтроллере ATmega32U4;

Uno — самая популярная версия базовой платформы Arduino;

Duemilanove — плата на микроконтроллере ATmega168 или ATmega328;

Diecimila — версия базовой платформы Arduino USB;

Nano — компактная платформа, используемая как макет. Nano подключается к компьютеру при помощи кабеля USB Mini-B;

Mega ADK — версия платы Mega 2560 с поддержкой интерфейса USB-host для связи с телефонами на Android и другими устройствами с интерфейсом USB;

Mega2560 — плата на базе микроконтроллера ATmega2560 с использованием чипа ATMega8U2 для последовательного соединения по USB-порту;

Mega — версия серии Mega на базе микроконтроллера ATmega1280;

Arduino BT — платформа с модулем Bluetooth для беспроводной связи и программирования;

LilyPad — платформа, разработанная для переноски, может зашиваться в ткань;

Fio — платформа разработана для беспроводных применений. Fio содержит разъем для радио XBee, разъем для батареи LiPo и встроенную схему подзарядки;

Mini — самая маленькая платформа Arduino;

Pro — платформа, разработанная для опытных пользователей, может являться частью большего проекта;

Pro Mini — как и платформа Pro, разработана для опытных пользователей, которым требуется низкая цена, меньшие размеры и дополнительная функциональность.

 

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